1. Why get a HPV self-sampling test?
Most cervical cancer is caused by persistent HPV infection. HPV self-sampling test enables women to take a self-collected cervico-vaginal sample at home for HPV testing.
2. What are the benefits of performing HPV self-sampling?
HPV self-sampling is a reliable screening tool, which can overcome the barriers to Pap smear screening. It is easy to perform, convenient and time saving.
3. When do we start having cervical screening?
Women aged 25-64 years who have ever had sex should receive cervical cancer screening every three years after two annual consecutive normal screenings. Women aged below 25 years who have previously had sex, should seek advice from doctors concerning the need for cervical cancer screening.
4. Apart from Pap smear and HPV self-sampling, are there any other prevention strategies?
Apart from tackling the risk factors,three approved HPV vaccines in Hong Kong: Cervarix®,Gardasil-4® and Gardasil-9® are recommended. Cervarix® is approved for used in female from the age of 9 years, whereas Gardasil-4® and Gardasil-9® were approved for use in both female and male from the age of 9 years. Women who are interested in being vaccinated should seek further advice from doctors.
5. Do women who have been vaccinated still need to attend cervical screening?
Yes. The vaccines that are currently available protect against the two most common oncogenic HPV types (i.e. HPV16, 18), which are responsible for only 70% of all cervical cancers. Therefore, regular cervical screening is still required after vaccination, for the best possible protection against cervical cancer.
The above information was copied from the Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
HPV SELF-SAMPLING – HPV Self-Sampling: http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/sphpc/hpvselfsampling/en/contact.html